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Refers, or refrigerated shipping containers, are necessary for international trade. Large refrigeration.


Refers, or refrigerated shipping containers, are necessary for international trade. Large refrigeration like these make sure that goods that are sensitive to temperature travel. Across wide oceans safely while maintaining the freshness and quality of everything from fruits and vegetables to medications. However, their effective use requires thoughtful preparation and execution. The following is an explanation of the primary approaches use to maximize the use of reefers for oceanic shipment: 

Understanding Reefer Types and Capabilities:

  • Temperature Control: With the ability to precisely maintain temperatures between -30°C and +30°C, reefer containers are essentially massive freezers. This makes a vast range of products—frozen seafood to precarious flowers—able to be transport.
  • Power Source: Reefer containers have refrigeration equipment set up which need a constant supply of electricity. These devices are usually connect to the ship's power supply while on board. However, reefer containers need diesel generators (gensets) to keep the temperature under control when being stored on land or used for pre-cooling.

Planning for Efficiency:

  • Consolidate Your Cargo: Maintaining reefer containers is costly. Aim for full container loads (FCL) wherever possible to optimize efficiency. The price per shipped unit of cargo is lower as a result.
  • Pre-cool and Post-harvest Handling: Ensuring that dangerous goods are effectively pre-cool before loading guarantees that they depart at the ideal temperature. Also make sure you follow the right procedures for harvesting and handling to reduce damage and increase shelf life.
  • Choose the Right Reefer Type: Reefer container types vary depending on specific demands. Most applications are served most effectively using standard reefers. Fruit and vegetable development and degradation are slowed down in Modified Atmosphere (MA/CA) containers through establishing a controlled environment. Containers with Automatic Fresh Air Management (AFAM) also provide the most cutting-edge technology for accurate climate management.

Packing and Loading:

  • Maximize Space: During transportation, carefully arrange dunnage (packing materials) to fill in spaces and keep cargo from moving. This reduces the chance of damage and also guarantees effective utilization of available space.
  • Airflow Management: Proper airflow is necessary to keep the temperature inside the container constant. Keep clear of overcrowding and also make sure there is sufficient space between boxes for air to circulate.
  • Temperature Monitoring: Invest in data loggers to continuously monitor temperature throughout the journey. While this allows for real-time tracking and intervention if necessary.

Communication and Collaboration:

  • Clear Communication: Clearly communicate your specific temperature requirements to all parties involved, including the shipper, freight forwarder, and shipping line.
  • Documentation: Ensure all necessary documentation, including packing lists, temperature control logs, and phytosanitary certificates (for plant products), are in order to avoid delays at customs.
  • Contingency Planning: Talk about unexpected issues with your companions. Plan in advance for unexpected hold ups or power interruptions to reduce the impact on cargo quality.

Technology and Innovation:

  • Real-time Tracking:  Many reefer containers are equipped with GPS and temperature monitoring systems. Utilize these tools to track location and ensure temperature remains within the specified range.
  • Remote Monitoring: Modern systems allow temperature settings to be remotely tracked and changed while in transit. More flexibility and control consequently are provided.
  • Data Analytics: Utilize delivery history data to improve packing strategies identify possible problems, and enhance productivity over time.

Beyond the Basics:

  • Sustainability: Choose energy-efficient reefer containers to reduce their impact on the environment. For landside operations, consider alternate power sources such as solar panels.
  • Security: Make sure that all locks are in working order and think about using tamper-evident seals on valuable cargo.
  • Post-shipment Analysis: Examine the data from your shipment to find areas that need work and make sure that high-quality products are consistently delivered.


In Conclusion, You can make sure that refrigerated shipping containers are used effectively for your shipping requirements through following these rules and keeping up with the most recent developments. Recall that a well-organized and carried out reefer shipping helps to create a more efficient and sustainable worldwide supply chain in addition to protecting your cargo.

  • Author

Sustainable shipping, Refer container technology, Supply chain management, Temperature control, Cargo logistics, Ocean freight


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